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What Is the Scientist-Practitioner Model? Why Is This Model Imperative to the Organizational Psychology Discipline?

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Autor:   •  September 15, 2012  •  Research Paper  •  482 Words (2 Pages)  •  1,063 Views

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What is the scientist-practitioner model? Why is this model imperative to the organizational psychology discipline?

Within the realms of American Psychology the scientist-practitioner model emerged and coined at a conference in Boulder, Colorado whereby serving as a model that intertwines the applications of science and practice pertaining to general knowledge causing the applications to be one that informs others. The model was implemented by Shapiro to train I/O psychologists that assists scientists in studying and understanding observed and complex aspects initially developed in clinical psychology (Jex, Thomas & Britt, 2008). I/O psychologist use a variety of methods that are implemented to observe studies in surveys, questionnaires, quasi-experiments, experiments in objective measures in work performance. In addition these psychologists implement descriptive and inferential statistics as well as qualitative and quantitative methods offering frameworks in the development of psychotherapeutic measures in understanding dysfunctions (Jex & Britt, 2008, p.5). In the science of I/O psychology the model implements gathered and interpreted information (Jex, Thomas & Britt, 2008). However, the aspects of science and practice rely on each other. Nevertheless, the model captures the knowledge of science along with the dynamics in the practical use of knowledge. In fact, the model incurs aspects of general psychological applications in mental health as well as a significant method of assessment in scientific validation.

Moreover, the model essentially contributes to the evolution of the counseling profession as well as consistent with the code of ethics with the ACA and APA sensitive to individual differences and diversity (Jex & Britt, 2008). Furthermore, provides development of skills and attitudes encouraging the methods of science and practice in a life-long learning journey valuing role models. When concerns develop then it becomes necessary for clinical work to implement scientific methods to form and test hypothesis in determining the outcomes of treatments. Moreover, the model is a representation of how individuals should conduct self as a profession. For instance, the model serves as a motivator in investigating scientific findings similar to a frustrated manager becoming agitated because of an increasing teller turnover. The managers employed the scientific investigations as a guide to developing findings and attempts to decreasing teller turnovers in banks (Griffeth, Hom & Gaetner, 2000). Because of the practical concerns motivated the investigations. Another example indicates organizations assisted employees in balancing work and family in past studies (Adams, King, & King, 1996; Kossek & Ozeki, 1998). However, the model is significant to I/O psychology in providing students with internships as well as opportunities in applying knowledge acquired in settings


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