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A Timeline of the 1930s

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1) Elections and Presidents

* Herbert Hoover was President (Republican)

* 1929-1933

The Election of 1932

* Franklin D. Roosevelt (Democrat) Won!

* Herbert Hoover (Republican)

* William Z. Foster (Communist Party)

The Election of 1936

* Franklin D. Roosevelt (Democrat) Won!

* Alfred M. Landon (Republican)

2) The Major Political Changes

* It shifted from Republican Power to Democrat Power

3) Major Domestic Affairs

* The Great Depression

-1929 - The early 1940s

-A severe panic occurred throughout the United States

-Many people lost their jobs

-Businesses cut back the workers hours and wages

* The Smoot-Hawley Tariff

-June 17, 1930

-raised import duties to protect American businesses and farmers

- brought by Senator Reed Smoot of Utah and Congressman Willis Hawley of Oregon

-many people especially American economists protested this tariff

* Veteran Administration Act

-July3.1930

-gave federal agencies benefit in the Veteran's Administration

* The Committee for Unemployment Relief

-October 17, 1930

-established by President Herbert Hoover

- organize the efforts of welfare agencies

* Bank Panic

-September, 1930

-305 banks closed across the country

* President Hoover made "The Star Spangled Banner" the national anthem

-March 3, 1931

-written by Francis Scott Key

* Bonus Loan Bill was passed by Congress (1931)

-allowed veterans get cash loans up to fifty percent of bonus certificates that were given in 1924

-Vetoed by President Hoover but still passed by Congress

* The Bank of the United States Closes

- December 11, 1930

- Located in New York City

- 60 branches and 400,000 depositors

-Largest bank to close

* The Reconstruction Finance Corporation

-established by President Hoover

-purpose to lend money to banks, insurance companies and other places that would help the economy

* The Bonus Army March

- May 29, 1932

- A group of Veterans that wanted Congress to give them the full value of the bonus certificates

* President Franklin revealed his New Deal in his acceptance speech

-July 2, 1932

- The focus was on relief, recovery and reform

* The Norris - LaGuardia Anti-Injunction Act is passed (1932)

- Contracts that limit employee rights to join Labor Unions are unlawful

* The Reconstruction Finance Corporation (1932)

-gave railroads, banks, and other financial places with money for loans

* The Emergency Relief and Construction Act (1932)

- Funds for federal relief loans to the states and new public works

* Federal Home Loan Act

-July 22, 1932

-made up of five member federal home loan bank board

-supervised a series of discount banks

-led to foreclosures dropping

* Hundred Days Congress

-March 9-June 16, 1933

- passed a lot of legislations under President Franklin Roosevelt

* Agricultural Adjustment Act (1933)

-protected farmers from price drops by giving crops

* Civil Works Administration (1933)

-gave public work jobs to people

* Civilian Conservation Corps (1933)

-sent young men to do reforestation and conservation jobs

* Federal Emergency Relief Act (1933)

-gave a lot of money to help unemployed workers

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