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American Revolution

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Up until 1776 on the eve of the American Revolution the colonists had identified themselves as a unified nation, but not yet independent. By the mid-1700 the British Colonies is North America began to develop a greater sense of identity, unity and independence, due to the newly imposed duties they critically oppose, but were enforced by the British Parliament. Since a settlement was unattainable between the Colonies and the British, the colonists saw no other way out except for independence, which never would've been achieved if it wasn't for the vital unity and identity attained by the colonists, right before the eve of the Revolutionary War. In the first couple decades the soon to be United States of America, was plainly known as the 13 Colonies. Even though they thought of themselves as individual communities and separated themselves as much as possible, the rest of the world viewed them as one, the British Colonies

( Document A) shows a political drawing of a snake broken up, drawn by Benjamin Franklin, as an advertisement of Albany Plan, set forth by the Albany Congress, in hopes of gaining colonial support for the upcoming French and Indian war. This call for unity was an unsuccessful attempt at unification because not every colony participated with the war.

Document B addresses identity in the sense that the colonists had 'virtual representation', meaning that a man from Britain, who has never been to the colonies, represents the colonists at Parliament. The colonists then cry "No taxation without representation," which meant that the colonists believed that they should have 'direct representation' or a man from the colonies to stand for the colonists in Parliament in hopes of having a more fair taxation.

Also, in (Document C) Richard Henry Lee author of the Declaration of Rights identifies that the Daughters of Liberty boycott all British-made goods and practiced non-consumption, in order to prove that they are a separate people from Britain. Total achievement of identity is visible when Jefferson writes the Declaration of Independence.

(Document E) provides evidence of attempted unification among the colonies. It shows a time of war and peace. Peace occurs when the Second Continental Congress sends the Olive Branch Petition or a letter appealing to the King of Great Britain to redress colonial grievances and avoid more bloodshed. War began with the Battle of Bunker Hill and was fought between the colonists and the British. Total unification was unsuccessful due to the colonists' political separation into patriots, Neutrals, and loyalist.

Then in (Document G) the colonies are uniting by means of providing goods for Boston due to the enactment of the Boston Port Act; this disabled any ship from entering or leaving the port of Boston. This act was implemented due to the Boston Tea Party; an event which took place on the night of December 16, 1773, when



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