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Disease of Skin - Three Types of Skin Infections

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This paper discusses three types of skin infections: Herpes, Impetigo, and tinea capitis. Each skin infection will give an example of the typed of condition, cause, sign and symptoms, and treatment. The message of this paper is that through basic education and awareness, people suffering with these disease can feel more at peace with the condition as they achieve excellent control, avoid spreading elsewhere on the body, and prevent other people from catching it.

Herpes is classified as a viral skin infection. There are two forms of the herpes simplex virus that causes infection and disease in humans. Herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) is the most often responsible for labial or orofacial herpes, which causes cluster fluid-filled vesicles around the mouth and face. Less commonly, blisters form on other portions of the face. Herpes simplex-2 (HSV-2) is genital herpes that is caused by herpes simplex viruses 1 or type 2. In type 2, the infected person may have sores around the genitals or rectum. Herpes simplex type 1, which is transmitted through oral secretion or sores on the skin, can be spread through kissing or sharing things, such as: drinks, toothbrushes, or eating utensils. Herpes type 2 can only be spread through sexual contact. Symptoms of herpes simplex virus usually appear as a blister or multiple blisters on or around the mouth, genitals, or rectum. Herpes simplex virus is diagnosed by laboratory test, including DNA test and virus cultures. However, usually a physician does not need to a test to confirm diagnosis because of the appears of the blister. Herpes is a virus that cannot be cured. Once a person has the virus, it remains in the body forever. The virus lies inactive in the nerve cells until something triggers it to become active again. However, antiviral medication, such as valtrex can shorten and prevent outbreaks during the time. Valtrex should be taken twice a day, 12 hours apart. Valtrex may cause fever, headache, pain, and peripheral edema.

Impetigo is classified as is a contagious infectious disease that is caused by Staphylococcus aureus or Streptococcus pyogenes. The infection produces blisters or sores on the face, neck, hands, and diaper area if among kids. There are two types of impetigo, bullous impetigo and non-bullous. The non-bullous is the most common. This is caused by staphyloccus. Non-bullous begins as a tiny blister; if the blisters burst it will leave small wet patches of red skin that may weep fluid. Good hygiene can help prevent impetigo, which often develops when there is a sore or a rash that has not been scratched. It can be treated with an antibiotic cream called mupirocin or penicillin. Mupirocin should be applied three times a day 1 to 2 weeks. Side effects may include: burning, stinging, pain, itching, or rash.

Tinea capitis is a fungal infection of the scalp. The symptoms include, lesions on the scalp, itching of the scalp, or small black dots on scalp.It



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