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Lawrence Kohlberg

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In 1927, American Psychologist Lawrence Kohlberg was born. In 1950, Kohlberg led a movement in the study of moral development. In Piagetian tradition, Kohlberg was an exceptional example of research. Lawrence Kohlberg sought to extend and improve Piaget's work. Lawrence Kohlberg's work was a focus on moral reasoning and moral development and had begun to grow moral thinking as a stage theory. The basis for Kohlberg's theories where that of how children, adolescents, and adults develop moral reasoning (Kohlberg & Lickona, 1976). Kohlberg's first three of stages were in quintessence of the initial formation regarding cognitive reasoning of Piaget's work.

While Kohlberg was attending the University of Chicago, he composed a doctoral dissertation on moral development that consists of six stages; three levels with two stages each. Kohlberg's six stage moral developments were based on cognitive reasoning, through which every individual should pass in irreversible and unvarying order. According to Kohlberg (1974), he declared his hypothesis held that ethical logic, which is the foundation for moral conduct has "six identifiable developmental constructive stages" each more sufficient at responding to an ethical dilemma than the previous. Kohlberg had the notion that individuals should pass through every stage in order but not everyone would attain the final stage of ethical judgment. According to Kohlberg and Lickona (1976), it is exceptionally uncommon to relapse in a stage to mislay the use of superior phase ability.

Kohlberg tailored Piaget's scientific dialogue method in array to extend a standardized method for eliciting a participant moral reasoning (Kohlberg, 1974). Kohlberg techniques involved giving a moral dilemma story regarding the privileges of some power and the necessity of some helping individuals who was unjustly treated to a participant.



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