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Managerial Skills Notes - Self-Concept, Motivation and Self-Esteem

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Managerial Skills notes

Self-Concept, Motivation and Self-esteem

Self esteem is your opinion of yourself. High self esteem is a good opinion of yourself and low self esteem is a bad opinion of yourself. Self esteem depends on many questions: Is your job worthwhile? Do others respect what you do? Do you believe you are successful?

How you see yourself. This may be how you see yourself physically or your opinion of who and what you are which is normally called self concept. It is important as it affects your self esteem and confidence. What do you think of your social status? How do you relate to others? Can you make your own decisions? A lack of choices leads to low self esteem.

Self image includes: What you think you look like? How you see your personality? What kind of person you think you are? What you believe others think of you? How much you like yourself or you think others like you? And The status you feel you have


Maslow's and Herzberg's theories, which are content theories, have been very important in understanding satisfaction by describing the level and type of needs associated with the behaviors that demonstrate satisfaction. Process theories are equally important for forming and elucidating understandings of satisfaction, but they do not seem as compelling to this author as the theories of motivation suggested by Maslow and Herzberg. Maslow believed that humans aspire to self-actualized states. He further identified five basic needs that motivate individuals: psychological, safety, love or belongingness, esteem, and self-actualization. Maslow stated, "human needs arrange themselves in hierarchies of prepotency. That is to say, the appearance of one need usually rests on the prior satisfaction of another more proponent need. Man is a perpetually wanting animal. Also, no need or drive can be treated as if it were isolated or discrete; every drive is related to the state of satisfaction or dissatisfaction of drives." Basic needs were highlighted by Maslow, with 5 being the lowest-order need and 1 being the highest-order need. Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs 1. Self-actualization 2. Esteem 3. Love or belongingness 4. Safety 5. Physiological. Maslow also suggested that satisfied needs are not motivators, as according to him, as lower-levels needs are satisfied, they no longer drive behavior, and, consequently, higher-order needs take over as the motivating force. Maslow's need theory is typically described and illustrated as a vertical scale or a pyramid. This makes the theoretical framework useful as means for measuring some type of satisfaction, particularly job satisfaction. In fact, of the concept of satisfaction is meaningless unless there is some form of measuring or recognizing it. Since needs explain behavior, and behavior reflects attitude, the



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