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Analysis on Impact of Training and Development on Smes

Essay by   •  May 8, 2012  •  Case Study  •  2,183 Words (9 Pages)  •  1,089 Views

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4.0 INTRODUCTION

An introduction of the study was given in chapter one, highlighting the research question, purpose/objective of the study and the significance of the study. In this chapter, attempt is made at reducing the large volume of statistical information (gathered from respondents) to manageable amount as a means of preparing them for other stages of analysis.

To do this, a statistical package (SPSS statistical package for social sciences) is used for coding, summarizing, and tabulation of the responses to the questionnaires.

A total of 50 questionnaires were distributed. 46 were returned. This shows a return rate of 92% from the respondent. The summary of the responses are presented below:

4.1 FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION

TABLE 4.1 SEX DISTRIBUTION OF RESPONDENT

sex

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent

Valid male 28 60.9 60.9 60.9

female 18 39.1 39.1 100.0

Total 46 100.0 100.0

Source: output of SPSS.

From table 4.1, the numbers of male and female respondents' were 28 and 18 respectively. This constitute 60.9% and 39.1% respectively.

TABLE 4.2 MARITAL STATUS DISTRIBUTION OF RESPONDENT

marital status

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent

Valid single 15 32.6 32.6 32.6

married 30 65.2 65.2 97.8

separated 1 2.2 2.2 100.0

Total 46 100.0 100.0

Source: output of SPSS.

Table 4.2 shows the frequency distribution on respondents' marital status. 32.6% of respondents' were single, 65.2% were married, while 2.2% were divorced.

TABLE 4.3 POPULATION SIZE OF ORGANISATION DISTRIBUTION OF RESPONDENT

population size of organisation

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent

Valid 0 but less than 5 10 21.7 21.7 21.7

5 but less than 10 12 26.1 26.1 47.8

10 but less than 15 12 26.1 26.1 73.9

15 but less than 20 2 4.3 4.3 78.3

20 but less than 25 4 8.7 8.7 87.0

25 but less than 30 6 13.0 13.0 100.0

Total 46 100.0 100.0

Source: output of SPSS

Table 4.3 shows the frequency distribution of population size of organization. 21.7% of respondents' have a population size of 0 but less than 5, 26.1% have a population size of 5 but less than 10, 26.1% have between 10 and 15 staff strength, 4.3% for between 15 and 20 population size, 8.7% have between 20 and 25 employees and 13% have between 25 and 30 population size.

TABLE 4.4 EDUCATIONAL QUALIFICATION DISTRIBUTIONS OF RESPONDENTS.

highest educational qualification

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent

Valid SSCE 2 4.3 4.3 4.3

OND or equivalent 19 41.3 41.3 45.7

BSC/HND 25 54.3 54.3 100.0

Total 46 100.0 100.0

Source: output of SPSS

Table 4.4 shows the frequency distribution of educational distribution of respondents'. 4.3% of respondents' have secondary school leaving certificate (SSCE), 41.3% were OND or equivalent qualification holder, while 54.3% of respondents' were BSC/HND holder.

4.2 FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION OFR RESPONDENTS' OPINION ON EFFECT OF TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT ON EMPLOYEES' PERFORMANCE IN SMEs

TABLE 4.5 RESPONDENTS' OPINION ON EFFECT OF PROPER IMPLEMNTATION OF TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT ON ORGANISATIONAL PRODUCTIVITY

Proper implementation of Training and development will lead to organizational productivity

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent

Valid SD 1 2.2 2.2 2.2

D 3 6.5 6.5 8.7

U 2 4.3 4.3 13.0

A 8 17.4 17.4 30.4

SA 32 69.6 69.6 100.0

Total 46 100.0 100.0

Source: output of SPSS

Table 4.5 shows the frequency distribution of respondents' opinion on effect of proper implementation of training and development on organizational productivity. 87% of respondents' agreed that proper implementation of training and development, if effectively conducted, will lead to organizational productivity. 8.7% disagreed with this assertion.This ascertain the validity of the assertion that training and development in SMEs is an inevitable towards attainment of organizational productivity.

TABLE 4.5 RESPONDENTS' OPINION ON EFFECT OF TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT ON STAFF ADVANCEMENT

training and development programme in your organization impact on the staff advancement

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent

Valid SD 2 4.3 4.3 4.3

D 1 2.2 2.2 6.5

U 3 6.5 6.5 13.0

A 14 30.4 30.4 43.5

SA 26 56.5 56.5 100.0

Total 46 100.0 100.0

Source: output of SPSS

Table 4.5 shows the frequency distribution of respondents' opinion on effect of training and development on staff advancement. 86.9% of respondents' agreed that training and development programme

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