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Ancient Greek Art - Venus of Urbino

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For "Venus of Urbino" depicts a reclining nude women which highlights the divinity of the female gender that is considered being the Goddess of Rome. As for "Olympia", it illustrates a sexually attainable subject by virtue of its presentation which shows the differences in political and social act in France at that period. As for the "The Great American Nude", it portrays minimal representation of a reclining nude on a bed which shows the typical characteristics of the American women at that particular period.

In "Venus of Urbino", the oil painting it is very detailed, has great style and contrast of the dark drape behind her with the lightness of her skin. Venus also stands out because she is the most detailed entity in the painting with soft light and shading behind. The normality of the situation also provides a more realistic view. For the painting of "Olympia", Manet chooses to paint a woman of his time -- not a feminine ideal, but a courtesan at that. This is done whereby in place of the smooth shading of the great masters, his forms are painted quickly, in rough brushstrokes clearly visible on the surface of the canvas. In Wesselmann's artwork, there is no usage of tunes or shade and coupled with different colors which eventually reveals an abstraction and cartoonish look of a nude woman constructed out of geometric forms.

For the "Venus of Urbino", Titian has created a realistic bedchamber setting in which to place his figure, obviously painting through observation. Realistic crumpled sheets and folds in the curtain show us his attention to detail. Titian has used many of the Renaissance developed scientific methods of producing realistic proportions and perspective including use of foreground and background, the division of space into progressively smaller units, and a realistic voluminous figure. This belongs to the 15th century Venetian High Renaissance period. As for "Olympia", it belongs to the 19th century French Realism era where the female is depicted as a courtesan, a woman whose body is a commodity. While wealthy class gentlemen of the time may frequent courtesans, they do not want to be confronted with one in a painting gallery. A real woman, flaws and all, with an independent spirit, stares out from the canvas, confronting the viewer, something French society in 1865 is perhaps not ready to face. The 3rd painting is a representation of American Pop Art as it serves to illustrate erotic and vulgar characteristic which embodies the vitality, openness and free spirit of the sixties.

When looking at the three paintings, the intention or agenda of them is quite different. The original Titian portrays the moral of chastity whilst still creating mystery. Whereas the Manet clearly refers to the Titian, which emphasizes his point, but discusses the subject of a courtesan, her profession and her



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