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Management and Leadership

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Management and Leadership

Management and leadership are two terms that should go hand in hand. After all you must have leadership to be a manager. However, these two words mean completely different things. The following will explain the differences and similarities between management and leadership, the roles and responsibilities that organizational managers and leaders play in creating and maintaining a healthy organizational culture, evaluate the affect of globalization and management across borders, and recommend strategies that organizational managers and leaders can use to create and maintain a healthy organizational culture.

Management vs. Leadership

Management and leadership go hand-in-hand; these words do not mean the same thing. However, they are linked. Both management and leadership have its own function and characteristics. An organization must have strong leadership to have strong management. Without this the organization would most likely fail. By completely understanding the differences of management and leadership, an organization can improve the characteristics of both ("The Clemmer Group", 2011).

One major difference between management and leadership is that "things" are managed, and "people" are lead. When using the word "things" this includes physical assets, processes, and systems. "People" include customers, external partners, and people throughout the organization. There is often a third term that applies to management and leadership, this term is technical. By added this term a performance triangle is formed. Some organizations need more technical skills or better technology. Although others may need the discipline of better systems and most need better leadership. The performance triangle divides the balance between management, leadership, and technology. Organizations need to determine what area of the triangle is the weakest and focus on that part. The most common weakness is in leadership. Most organizations have communication problems, these problems are also seen as leadership issues ("The Clemmer Group", 2011).

Both management and leadership are needed to make teams and organizations successful. Management means getting people to do what needs to be done, and leadership means getting people to want to do what needs to be done. Managers push, leaders pull, managers command, leaders communicate ("The Clemmer Group", 2011).

Management's job is to plan, organize, and coordinate, the leader's job is to inspire and motivate. People look to managers, not just to assign them a task, but to define the purpose of that task to them. These managers are responsible to organize the workers for maximum results, nurture these workers skills, develop talent, and motivate workers to show results ("The Clemmer Group", 2011).

Roles and Responsibilities of Managers and Leaders

Managers and leaders establish a relationship between them and the employees. They also play an important role in value of the efforts of their employees. Managers and leaders use information to support the decision-making made by their employees to improve the safety working conditions in the organization. Managers and leaders are also responsible for the resources that are applied to any activities that return the great benefit and provide the highest value to the customers. Managers and leaders must evaluate the cost of all products within the organization to ensure that these products are priced at a reasonable cost. To achieve a successful organization, managers and leaders need to follow these roles; lead, change, create a shared need, shape a vision, mobilize a commitment, monitor progress and change systems and structures ("Article Click", 2011).

The role of a manager is to engage with the employees to obtain the same goals of the organization. The leader's role is to give a specific action to increase the level of employee conduct. Leaders play the major role in nurturing the relationship with the employees by giving them their needs and wants and any other motivator to create and maintain a healthy organizational culture. Managers must change some needs to achieve a higher level of employee performance, these changes include; management practices, safety culture of organization, workforce deployment, and work design. Managers are needs to supervise the employees to ensure that the organizational goals are met ("Article Click", 2011).

Four functions of management followed by managers and leaders to create and maintain a healthy organizational culture are: planning, budgeting, evaluating, and facilitating. Management must plan the core assets available for product development, sales, and marketing of the product. Management is responsible for planning how to complete productivity goals, key development scenarios, develop a strategic plan for the workers, and give a method for a development of production. Managers and leaders should provide annual budgeting of an organization to ensure development. An organizations budget should provide a list of the targets and goals the organization wishes to achieve. Management with great leadership and efficient functions adds motivation to the surroundings. The leader should involve the team members to develop and inspire the workers to work hard to achieve organizational goals. An organization should have an energizing relationship between the leaders and the employees. The organization must have a good working environment to motivate employees. A leader should develop



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