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Nature Being Nurtured

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Most people will agree that aggression can become dangerous and that it is a serious problem. The source of different acts of aggression can be understood from medical, psychological and cultural perspectives. When we speak of aggression, it is refered to the physical or verbal behaviour intended to hurt someone. By analysing what exactly triggers or influences aggressive behaviour, we have come to understand that there is a biological and environmental aspect that causes it. However, it is believed that aggressive behaviour is environmentally based. In other words aggressive behaviour is nurtured by environmental factors, especially in most cases for human beings. Aggression tends to be present in individuals experiencing observational learning, knowing the rewards of aggression, as well as other influences or stimuli from the environment such as pain and heat.

The social learning theory of aggression that was established by Albert Bandura (1997), explains that agression was not only learn by experiencing its payoff but also by observing others and imitating and by being rewarded and punished. Like most social, we acquire aggression by other people's actions and highlighting their consequences. Moreover, everyday we are exposed to aggressive models in the family, the subculture, and the mass media. For instance, in the family, chidren observe the way how parents use aggression to discipline them such as beating and slapping, which is seen as the impacts of their aggression on them. Therefore, when these children grow up they will do the same to their chidren. In a scenario, a girl saw an adult beating a doll. She went into another room and before she started to play with the other doll the experimenter told her to save them for the other children. The girl got furious and left the room. She then goes into another room and plays with the toys aggressively repeating the same aggressive behaviour from the adult. Thus, it is believed that children who observe aggressive behaviour from adults are more likely to do the same.

By experience and by oberving others, we learn that aggression often pays. For example, according to McCarthy and Kelly (1978a, 1978b) , aggressive hockey players tends to score more goals than nonaggressive players. Aggression is a benefit for them to win the game. Also, by experiencing others' success, we sometimes learn that aggression is beneficial in order to achieve awards in life or to obtain our desires as to what we want.

Environmental influences such as pain and heat cause aggressiveness in humans. An experiment was done where students had their hands in cold water. The ones who had their hands in cold water felt irritable and annoyed. By experiencing physical pain from the cold water, its incites an emotional outburst causing them to feel tense. It is likely that they will experience aggressive behaviour. However, hot climates affect behaviours. It is



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