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What Is the Most Common Scenes on the Mtr? Probably a Crowd of People Who Are Using Their Phones

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1. Introduction

• Attention getter

What is the most common scenes on the MTR? Probably a crowd of people who are using their phones.

• Situation/Background information

Phubbing is a word that combined by the word ‘phone’ and ‘snubbing’. It used to describe people who do no’t interact with human beings, instead, they interact with their phone. (Techopedia Inc., n.d.)

• Thesis statement

Most people underestimate the negative consequences of phubbing, and so in order to solve the problem, the most effective way is to let them realize the seriousness of the problem , both physical and mental..

2. Problem

 Topic sentence (define the problem clearly)

With technological advances, people focus too much on their technological product rather than the real world.

 Proof (provide concrete data or statistics to prove the existence/severity of the problem)

 According to the survey conducted by the University of Hong Kong, 74.8% out of 7585 students, aged from 6 to 10, played electronic gadgets for more than two hours every day. (幼童低頭族易過度活躍 港大研究:每日多玩電子產品1小時 風險增三成, 2017)

 The founding of this word is a proof of the seriousness of the problem. The word ‘phubbing’ is widely accepted by different countries. (Makhdoomi, 2016)

 According to a research, Hong Kong ranked the 5th in the top 20 phubbing cities. (Makhdoomi, 2016)

 Causes

 Lack of self-control is one of the major causes. If someone hear a ‘ding’ on the phone, they will be curious to know what they received and will check their phone as soon as possible. (Sarkar, 2017)

 People also want to constantly stay connected with others. Using their phones, they can chat with friends in at any time and places. Moreover, they can know more about the world via different social media like Facebook, Twitter. (Sarkar, 2017)

 Negative consequences

Mental health:

 People will ignore other’s facial expression and not havinghave eye contact. Therefore, people may feel disrespected and have less incentive to talk with them. (Seppälä, 2017)

 For some sStudents who spend more a huge amount of time on watching videos or playing games will have , thea higher chance of getting hyperactivity disorder or emotional problem will increase. (幼童低頭族易過度活躍 港大研究:每日多玩電子產品1小時 風險增三成, 2017)

 The relationship between parents may be worsen because of the addiction to mobile phone, not only their children, but also applicable to parents themselves. (任意行, 2017)

Physical health

 People who focus too much on the screen and without enough rest may causehave different eyes problems such as myopia, astigmatism, eyestrain and dry eyes. (Hin Sang Hong Company Limited, 2014)

 When we one looks at our his/her phones, it is normal for us to bend our necks by 60 degrees which exert six times more pressure on the cervical vertebrae than is normal. (Cheung, 2015)

3. Solution and Evaluation

• Solution 1:

Topic sentence

The most effective way to prevent phubbing is to delete all social media apps.


Even if all the apps in phone are deleted, people can still access them through the internet browsers. The only difference is that they need to have more steps before they can successfully access to their account. (Wong, 2015)



 Without the notification from those apps, people will have less incentive to check their phones. (Wong, 2015)


 It is hard for people to change their habits within a short period of time.


• Solution 2:

Topic sentence

Switching back to a feature phone is also a method.


This is an extreme method but very effective to some highly addicted people. Even if they want to check social media website, they will not be



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