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Analysis of Six Stroke Engine

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ANALYSIS OF SIX STROKE ENGINE

Abstract - Six Stroke engine, the name itself indicates a cycle of six strokes out of which two are useful power strokes. According to its mechanical design, the six-stroke engine with external and internal combustion and double flow is similar to the actual internal reciprocating combustion engine. However, it differentiates itself entirely, due to its thermodynamic cycle and a modified cylinder head with two supplementary chambers: combustion and an air heating chamber, both independent from the cylinder. In this the cylinder and the combustion chamber are separated which gives more freedom for design analysis. Several advantages result from this, one very important being the increase in thermal efficiency.It consists of two cycles of operations namely external combustion cycle and internal combustion cycle, each cycle having four events. In addition to the two valves in the four stroke engine two more valves are incorporated which are operated by a piston arrangement.The Six Stroke is thermodynamically more efficient because the change in volume of the power stroke is greater than the intake stroke and the compression stroke. The main advantages of six stroke engine includes reduction in fuel consumption by 40%, two power strokes in the six stroke cycle, dramatic reduction in pollution, adaptability to multi fuel operation.Six stroke engine's adoption by the automobile industry would have a tremendous impact on the environment and world economy.

I. INTRODUCTION

The majority of the actual internal combustion engines, operating on different cycles have one common feature, combustion occurring in the cylinder after each compression, resulting in gas expansion that acts directly on the piston (work) and limited to 180 degrees of crankshaft angle.According to its mechanical design, the six-stroke engine with external and internal combustion and double flow is similar to the actual internal reciprocating combustion engine. However, it differentiates itself entirely, due to its thermodynamic cycle and a modified cylinder head with two supplementary chambers: Combustion, does not occur within the cylinder within the cylinder but in the supplementary combustion chamber, does not act immediately on the piston, and it's duration is independent from the 180 degrees of crankshaft rotation that occurs during the expansion of the combustion gases (work).The combustion chamber is totally enclosed within the air-heating chamber. By heat exchange through the glowing combustion chamber walls, air pressure in the heating chamber increases and generate power for an a supplementary work stroke. Several advantages result from this, one very important being the increase in thermal efficiency. IN the contemporary internal combustion engine, the necessary cooling of the combustion chamber walls generate important calorific losses. In the main cylinder, combustion takes place every turn as in a two-stroke engine and lubrication as in a four-stroke engine. Fuel injection can take place in the piston charger, in the gas transfer channel or in the combustion chamber. It is also possible to charge two working cylinders with one piston charger. The combination of compact design for the combustion chamber together with no loss of air and fuel is claimed to give the engine more torque, more power and better fuel consumption.

II. ANALYSIS OF SIX STROKE ENGINE

Six-stroke engine is mainly due to the radical hybridization of two- and four-stroke technology. The six-stroke engine is supplemented with two chambers, which allow parallel function and results a full eight-event cycle: two four-event-each cycles, an external combustion cycle and an internal combustion cycle. In the internal combustion there is direct contact between air and the working fluid, whereas there is no direct contact between air and the working fluid in the external combustion process. Those events that affect the motion of the crankshaft are called dynamic events and those, which do not effect are called static events.

III. ANALYSIS OF EVENTS

Event 1: Pure air intake in the cylinder (dynamic event)

1. Intake valve.

2. Heating chamber valve

3. Combustion chamber valve.

4. Exhaust valve

5. Cylinder

6. Combustion chamber.

7. Air heating chamber.

8. Wall of combustion chamber.

9. Fuel injector.

10. Heater plug.

Event 2: Pure air compression in the heating chamber.

Event 3: Keeping pure air pressure in closed chamber where a maximum heat exchange occurs with the combustion chambers walls, without direct action on the crankshaft (static event).

Event 4: Expansion of the Super heat air in the cylinder work (dynamic Event).

Event5:Re-compressions of pure heated air in the combustion chamber (dynamic event).

Events 6: fuel injection and combustion in closed combustion chamber, without direct action on the crankshaft (static event).

Events 7: Combustion gases expanding in the cylinder, work (dynamic event).

Events 8: Combustion gases exhaust (dynamic event).

Six-stroke engine cycle diagram:

External combustion cycle: (divided in 4 events):

No direct contact between the air and the heating source.

e1. (Event 1) Pure air intake in the cylinder (dynamic event).

e2. (Event 2) Compression of pure air in the heating chamber (dynamic event).

e3. (Event 3) Keeping pure air pressure in closed chamber where a maximum heat exchange occurs with the combustion chambers walls, without direct action on the crankshaft (static event).

e4. (Event 4) Expansion of the super heated air in the cylinder,

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