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Many Elements of the Fire and Ems Services

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PUT YOUR Name_________________ HERE!!!!

English 12

RESEARCH PAPER ROUGH DRAFT RUBRIC

Each Item has a 5 Point Value

______ Title Page

______ Outline with thesis statement

______ First page information and title

______ Correct page numbering

______ Proper In-Text Citations

______ Correct MLA format/double spaced

______ Correct format for Works Cited Page

______ 8-10 Pages

______ Logical Presentation of ideas/details/examples

______ Spelling, Punctuation, and Vocabulary

______/50 Points Possible

Please submit this sheet with your rough draft.

The final copy of your research paper will be graded on content using the rubric for self-assessment.

The Fire and EMS Services

By

Kyle Atwell

English 12

Mr. Edgecomb

9 February, 2011

Atwell 1

The Fire and EMS Services

Pg1

Thesis: The purpose of this paper is to explain and show the many elements of the fire and EMS services. The emphasized points in the paper will include history and what the services are, the demand for the job in different areas and the training needed to get a job in the field.

What the Fire and EMS services are

The History

What is Firefighting

What is EMS

Training

Training needed for fireman

Training needed for EMS

Demand for the job

How many people are certified for the job

What states need Fireman/EMTs

Demand throughout the world

Atwell 2

Kyle Atwell

English 12

Mr.Edgecomb

9 February 2011

The Fire Service

In this paper, I am going to tell you a few things about the fire service. I chose this topic because I am greatly involved in the fire service right now. That being said, I am fairly educated on what the fire service is and what it involves. I am going to start this off by explaining the history of the fire service and what the fire service is.

Both fire and EMS date back quite some time. The older of the two by far is the fire service. The first fire department was first founded by Benjamin Franklin in 1736. On a trip to Boston, Franklin realized that his home town of Philadelphia was much more prepared to battle fires than other cities and states in the U.S. . Due to his findings, it raised his awareness to discover new fire prevention and fire tactics. Franklin also passed his findings onto a group known as Junto, a group of people dedicated to civil and self-improvement. On December 7, 1736, the first fire union was created by a group of men lead by Franklin.

Atwell 3 The other part of the job and equally or maybe even more important is the emergency medical service aspect. Emergency medical services were first seen back in the Greek and Roman eras. During the era of the Greeks and Romans, chariots were used to transport injured soldiers off the battlefield. The word ambulance came from Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain when they commissioned surgical and medical supplies to be provided to troops in tents during battle that were called ambulancias. In 1910, the American Red Cross started providing first aid care training programs across the country, initiating efforts to improve bystander care. During World War I and II further advances were made in the EMS field. After the end of World War II, EMS was often run by the municipal hospitals and fire departments. During this time period, some smaller cities used funeral home hearses to transport patients. During the early 1970's, the federal government started to become more involved in the EMS world and started to create regulations for pre-hospital care. "Around that time, however, advances in medical care began to spur the rapid development of modern EMS."( Emergency Medical Services: At the Crossroads:32). Soon after this, the government appointed the Department of Transportation to be in charge of EMS. During the late 1960's, studies showed that 50 percent of

Atwell 4

ambulance services nationwide were being provided by morticians. During 1998, the government sent out recommendations for EMS standards, they were to "(1) develop federal standards for ambulances (design, construction, equipment, supplies, personnel training and supervision); (2) adopt state ambulance regulations; (3) ensure provision of ambulance services applicable to the conditions of the local government; (4) initiate pilot programs to evaluate automotive and helicopter ambulance services in sparsely populated areas; (5) assign

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