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Positive Reinforcement

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Years of research proves that employees who have positive associations with work have less absenteeism, are not often tardy, and actively strive to meet the company goals. Positive reinforcement is important to all companies because it ensures happy employees. If some aspect of the job continuously unpleasant, be it tasks they perform, people they work with, or their view of place changes. A company's success is in the hands of its people so the ability to motivate them continually directly affects the business's bottom line. They often are the people with whom customers interact; their view of the company is often the view of the customers.

As Nicholas Nigro so bluntly points out, management fails their employees "The employee already knows where they have not met expectations and where they need to improve. They may just not know how to accomplish it."(Nigro, 2010) An effective manager will give guidance to employees, tasks that challenges them being without be over-bearing, and provide support and encouragement along the way. People are always eager to start their first day at a new job, possibly because their other job had them feel underappreciated or unchallenged. At first, they are over jealous, on time and ready to do whatever is asked. Employees that enjoy going to work are less likely to quit and more likely to have better productivity. By implementing positive reinforcement a company can find what the needs are of every employee and ways to implement them; this helps maintain that "first day" attitude and excitement. If the employee has, desired behavior that is not supported and rewarded, that behavior will not form.

According to Skinner's terminology, any form of incentives such as goals and rewards may be referred to as positive reinforces and the receiving of the reward or achieving the goal is termed as positive reinforcement. In positive reinforcement, a particular behavior is strengthened by the consequence of experiencing a positive condition. (Robert Kreitner, 2010) In the workplace, positive reinforcement can occur in the form of praise, awards and recognition, bonuses and promotions.

Positive reinforcement can improve employees' performance, employees can tolerate much more stress in the workplace and perform for longer periods if they are guided by positive reinforcement. (Kunz, Copyright © 2011 The Houston Chronicle) Different organizations may choose to employ different styles of reinforcements . One may use positive reinforcements to encourage repetition of the desired behaviors or one may use negative reinforcements to discourage behaviors that are not in line with their policies. As more managers understand the needs for better and efficient management styles, they also understand that subordinates seek job satisfaction More than often the occasional verbal praises for a job well done does a lot to make an employee feel appreciated. Researches



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