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Relationship of Push-Ups and Absolute Muscular Endurance to Bench Press Strength

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Title:

Relationship of push-ups and absolute muscular endurance to bench press strength.

This journal shows the relationship between push-ups and muscular endurance in order to predict the maximal weight that can be lifted in bench press. The tests used were the 1 minute push-up test and the YMCA bench press, which is a 1-rep max bench press. There were 144 untrained participants (n=144), and they were all males ages 18-34. It took 15 days to test each participant. No hypothesis was listed.

Results for this test indicated that bench press endurance was more effective in predicting bench press strength versus push-ups or push-ups and body weight. In predicting bench press strength from absolute endurance, body weight had no effect (r=0.93). Bench press endurance was more effective for predicting strength (86% of the variance accounted for; SEE = 6.03kg) than either push-ups (31% of the variance accounted for; SEE = 13.33kg), or push-ups and body weight (56% of the variance accounted for; SEE = 10.63kg). Cross-validation (n=48) of the prediction equation using bench press absolute endurance accounted for 91% of the variance (SEE = 4.49kg) between the measured and predicted bench press strength (r=0.95). This study suggests that in some cases absolute muscular endurance may provide a reliable alternative to the 1-rep max in assessing muscular strength.

Invergo, J.J., Ball, T.E., Looney, M. (1991). Relationship of push-ups and absolute muscular endurance to bench press strength. Journal of Applied Sport Science Research: Vol. 5 Issue 3. pg. 121-125.

Title:

Postural differences between girls who practice and who do not practice rhythmic gymnastics.

The purpose of this Journal is to the difference in posture for females in early adolescence that occur among the girls involved in rhythmic gymnastics, and those not involved in any kind of extracurricular activities. No hypothesis was listed, but mine is that gymnasts have better posture because they have a stronger build. There were 100 participants for this study (n=100), and they were third and fourth graders (ages 8-10) divided evenly into two groups. One group of 50 for the girls involved in rhythmic gymnastics, and another group of 50 was for those not involved and any activity. They were all analyzed on a modified method of body posture assessment according to Wolanjski N. (1975). Many variables were used such as, the head posture; the shoulder posture and shoulder blades, shape of the thorax, legs, and vertebral column, the abdomen posture, line of feet, the overall assessment of body, along with the height of the body and the body weight of the students were measured, therefore determining the body size index.

The t-tests results

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