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Student Preparation for Fluids and Electrolytes Lesson

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Student Preparation for Fluids and Electrolytes Lesson

1. Read the assigned pages in chapter 17 of your Potter BASICS textbook and your study guide.

2. What is the relationship between fluid and body weight?

3. What is the best measure of fluid gains/losses?

4. Consider children, adults, and elderly adults:

* Who has more and who has less water?

* How does this impact fluid problems?

5. Consider adult males and adult females: who has more water?

6. Consider obesity versus normal weight: who has more water?

7. What is recommended amount of water for an adult? (Clue: answer is not just 8 glasses per day)

8. What is acceptable hourly urine output?

9. What does osmolarity/osmolality mean?

10. What is the difference between osmosis and diffusion?

11. What is hydrostatic pressure?

13. What is colloidal oncotic/osmotic pressure?

14. What is the difference in first, second, and third spacing of fluids?

15. What does ADH do? What stimulates its release? What happens after it is released?

16. What does renin do? What stimulates its release? What happens after it is released?

17. What does the lymphatic system have to do with fluid homeostasis?

18. What are the fluid compartments, and where is most of the body fluid?

19. Review Table 17-8: IV solutions and pages 486-487 in your textbook:

* How are IV fluids described?

* What is used to determine that description?

* What are crystalloids?

* What are colloids?

* How do different IV fluids affect the body?

20. Review Table 17.2: Electrolyte Imbalances on page 472 and Table 17.3: Fluid Disturbances on page 474 in your textbook. Be prepared to discuss this information in the following activities.

21. Review Table 17.4: Acid-Base Imbalances on page 475 in your textbook. Describe imbalance, related causes, and signs/symptoms of Respiratory Acidosis and Alkalosis and Metabolic Acidosis and Alkalosis.

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