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The Unknown About Human Trafficking

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Everyday there is someone being trafficked, but the question is how they're being trafficked? When it comes to human trafficking people assume trafficking is the same and every person is just taken. There are different types of ways to human trafficking and how pimps try to gain more victims. Pimp is the name for the traffickers. The world has gotten the definition of a "pimp" as someone cool or awesome who gets many girls, but when it comes to human trafficking a pimp can't be considered cool. It gets worse; there are different types of pimps in the market of human trafficking.

Human trafficking is a scary thought; the idea of there being different ways humans are being trafficked is a lot scarier. Human trafficking has two different types of pimps, the guerrilla and the finesse pimps. Each pimp has its way of drawing in their victims. They have different ways of breaking their victims which in this case will be based on the sex trade. What is the difference between the guerrilla and the finesse pimp? What do they look for in their victims? "Pimps recruit young, vulnerable U.S. women in malls and clubs by befriending and creating emotional and drug or alcohol dependencies to entrap them. Pimps are also adept at preying upon women's vulnerabilities. Coercion and violence are also used" (Raymond, Hughes, and Gomez).

The finesse pimp is different from some traffickers and has different tactics to obtain victim. The finesse pimp is the type of pimp that looks for the girls that are runaways and all the girls at the mall that maybe wondering around. "A majority of respondents reported that neglect or abuse had occurred in their families that resulted in runaway, throwaway (being kicked out of the house), or giveaway behavior (being given to others such as child protection, foster care, or relatives). A majority (91%) experienced child abuse in their home. Most of the girls (77%) involved in the study had been involved with child protection services at some point in their lives. Over half had also been involved in the foster care system" (Williamson and Prior 1-14). He/she try to become the girls' friend and try to be nice to them. He/she buy them gifts and find a way to show "love" to these victims in order to become they're "boyfriends" or "girlfriend"; usually it takes time to get their trust but pimps are willing to wait. "Finesse pimping involves manipulating young girls into situations where they seemingly make their own decisions to enter, sell sexual services, and give their money to a trafficker. Several finessing techniques were described, from putting vulnerable girls into situations in which they feel obligated to pay back kindnesses shown to them, using bait and switch techniques that serve to exploit the dreams of victims, and utilizing victims' attempts to provide for their own basic needs" (Williamson and Prior 1-14). After obtaining their trust the most common phrase the victims hear is "if you love me you'll do this" and because these girls are scared of losing the pimp's love, they obey the pimp's orders.

The guerrilla pimp is sort of the opposite from the finesse pimp. The guerrilla pimp doesn't wait to get the girl, he just takes her. Of course the victim tries to fight back and get away but the victim is unable to. A guerrilla pimp doesn't care where the victim may be, it could be in the victim's front yard, the pimp abducts them regardless. The guerrilla pimp abuses them physically and sexually. He/she use this form to break and make them do as he/she say. "This is described as recruitment by force in which a trafficker approaches and forces his victim to work for him through the use of threat, physical violence, and intimidation" (Williamson and Prior 1-14). Sometimes the finesse pimps trade their victims with the guerrilla so they can finish breaking the victim. "Whether one is under the control of a guerilla pimp or finesse pimp, each victim must make her quota every time she is called to be engaged in prostitution" (Williamson and Prior 1-14).

The different types of pimps make this issue even harder for the public to understand who these they can be. Automatically people think and assume that all pimps are men, but in reality that's just a myth. Some of the pimps are the people you least expect and its shocking to even imagine. "These traffickers categories are: pimps, madams, recruiters, family members, and organized crime" (Demand). It shocking to know that own family members could do this to someone blood related to them. Human trafficking has gotten out of hand; the people who take or give away these victims, who can be women, children and even men, only think of how much they're going to get out of it not the person's life. It's said that human trafficking is the new slavery; but just as there is new slavery, there are new laws and rules against human trafficking. These laws are a way to try and prevent from this injustice from happening.

As a leader in the world, the United Nations found out about human trafficking and wanted to put an end to it; that is why they made laws that every country has to follow to fight human trafficking. Through each international law the United Nations make "provides the basis for a government's responsibility for promoting and protecting human rights. Whether through international conventions and treaties, regional conventions and treaties, or national and/or state law, countries have an obligation to prosecute traffickers, protect victims, and prevent human trafficking" ("Polaris Project for a World without Slavery"). The United Nations made the Palermo Protocol of 2000 to prevent, suppress, and punish the trafficking of a person. This was one of the first laws that made the different countries start making laws against the trafficking of a person. The United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the U.S. State Department make reports and keep track of the progress countries are having against human trafficking. "The UNODC documents human trafficking patterns and the legal response in 155 countries



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