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Discrimination and Wages Inequality Case Study

Essay by   •  October 25, 2017  •  Book/Movie Report  •  7,518 Words (31 Pages)  •  297 Views

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CHAPTER 1

INTRODUCTION

  1. Background of the Study

Discrimination and wages inequality always happen in labor market even in this modern era. But this issue not really have concern in our community. So, because of that we come up with this study to dismantling how these phenomena of discrimination and wages inequality happen in labor market.

Then, labor market discrimination is there is a situation in which equally materially productive persons are treated unequally on the basic of an observable characteristic. Meanwhile, wages inequality means there is injustice in division of wages among the employee whereas actually they do the same task of work.

This study is focusing on the labor market in terms of discrimination and wages inequality. Every labor market consists of people who come from different cultural, religious or social background. These differences may lead to discrimination despite the fact that many countries have enacted a policy in order to prevent its occurrences. According to study, the discrimination in labor market basically due to different forms based on characteristics, such as religion, age, taste, code of color, code of gender, race, marital status or ethnic background.

In this study, we use a secondary data which is consisting 20 journals of Labor market discrimination and wages inequality. We selected the journal based on its title and make sure that each journal has different types of discrimination issues. Among the twenty journals that we had read, we choose our main reference journal, the title is “Discrimination and Inequality in the Labor Market” written by Kamasheva Anastasia, Kolesnikova Julia, Karasik Elena and Salyakhov Eldar in 2013.

The purpose of this study is to studying and seeks a proper solution in order to overcome the discrimination in workplace as whole. We also studying and promoting an equal treatment, assisting, and defending the victims from all the form of discrimination through a research and data collection and a possible policy that can be enacted by a government to combating this phenomenon. This research is important to identify the phenomena and various type of discrimination in workplace and to find a strategic solution on how to overcome it and directly preventing its occurrences’.

  1.  Problem Statement

Labour discrimination or employment discrimination is a form of discrimination based on race, gender, religion, national origin, and many more by employers. Earnings differentials or occupational differentiation is not in and of itself evidence of employment discrimination. Discrimination can be intended and involve disparate treatment of a group or be unintended, yet create disparate impact for a group.

      Discrimination is prejudicial treatment toward a person because of a group they are a part of. While laws are in place to prevent discrimination in the workplace, many people still find themselves being discriminated against at work every day. Recognizes the types of labor market discrimination will enable you to identify discrimination when it occurs, whether you, a co-worker or another employee is the victim.

     Every labour market no matter from what country consist of employee who come from different culture, religious, ethnic or social background. These difference may give rise to discrimination to the employee. Discrimination in labour market occurs when there are different earning and employment opportunities across equally skilled workers employed in the same job because of difference mentioned above.

     When discrimination happened. It can cause the company a major loss. Because it may cause the productivity of the company to decrease. The reasons could be because of unfair promotions, favoritism or a lack of acknowledgement from supervisors. These actions hinder healthy workplace communication and leave employees feeling insecure, unappreciated and anxiety ridden.

  1.  Research Questions
  1. Why phenomena of discrimination and wages inequality can occur in labor market?
  2. What factors that influence the discrimination and wages inequality in labor market?
  3. How to overcome the issue of discrimination and wages inequality in labor market?
  1.  Objectives of the Study

The main objective for this study is:

  1. To study the phenomena of discrimination and wages inequality in labor market.
  2. To investigate factors that strongly influence the discrimination and wages inequality in labor market.
  3. To identify ways to overcome the issue of discrimination and wages inequality in labor market.

  1.  Significant of the Study

Significant of study can be define as an explanation of the work’s significance, it potential benefits and overall impact. It often calls rationale because it attempts to explain to audience why a researcher work is worth performing. In case for our researched we make our research based on few significant of study. Vitals result of this investigation could be highly significant and beneficial specifically to the following:

  Disabled people. These people are facing many inequalities in the labor market based on the disability. Now the employment situation of people with disabilities is more complicated because of elimination the job quotas in small and medium enterprises, where disabled employees usually worked. Since most disability is acquired during the life-course, rather than being present from birth or childhood, retaining people who acquire a disability in the workforce is also a strategy worth pursuing. Discrimination rates remain significantly higher for people with a disability than for people without a disability. This indicates that there is work to be done in terms of equality policy in targeting both work-related and service-related discrimination against people with a disability. That is why they need the discrimination of disabled person in work forces environment to be stop.

  Sexual orientation. Gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender (GLBT) employees constitute one of the largest, but least studied minority groups in the workforce. Sexual orientation remains the –so-called “last acceptable and remaining prejudice”- in modern societies and organizations in comparison with other dimensions of diversity. Thus, gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender (hereafter, GLBT) employees continue to face a variety of challenges that range from being forced to remain closeted to actual job dismissal. Given the changing nature of workforce demographics, narrowing pool of qualified job candidates, and growing number of GLBT as employees, the way to prevent the discrimination of it very useful for GLBT.

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