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Disparities of Culture, Ethnic, and Disfranchised in Our Nation

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Disparities of Cultural, Ethnic and Disenfranchised of Our Nation

We live in a nation where technology develops by leaps and bounds, where modern science researches the latest breakthroughs in antivirus for the terminally ill, and a nation that offers opportunity of the American dream, yet, the rich get richer and the poor get poorer. In a nation that enacted the civil rights act of1964, that outlaws major forms of discrimination against African Americans and women. The disparities of cultural, ethnic, and disenfranchised, in light of a nation with opportunity, only escalate into greater percentages.

Our nation and society seeks to embrace convenience through a spectrum of facets, through technological advances either through computers, devices, or communications. In 2010, the US military alone spent at least $226 billion, according to the Defense Advance Research Projects Agency, (DARP) reports was their budget.

According the Journal of American Medical Associations, JAMA, conducted medical research spending in the United States and published findings in a special issue. The study found that medical research spending in the United States was $95 million- approaching $100 million. In an effort to determine if the money was spent wisely, concluded unanimously with a NO.

Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the US. In 2003, an estimated 1,334,100 people in the US were expected diagnosed with cancer, and 556,500 are expected to die from the

Disease (American Cancer Society, 2003). Between 1990 and 1996, the lung and bronchus, prostate, female breast, colon and rectum were the most common cancer sites for all racial and ethnic populations in the US. Together, they accounted for approximately 54% of all newly diagnosed cancers. (US DHHS, 2000). Detection and prevention are key factors in eliminating cancer, but unlike other unremitting diseases such as diabetes and heart disease, the fear of cancer creates obstacles to utilization of health care services. Successful cancer prevention and treatment labors must be modified to address the distinct health beliefs and behaviors of different cultural groups.

An estimated 67,000 new cases of cancer and 22,100 cancer deaths will occur among

Hispanics in 2003. (O'Brien et al., 2003). Hispanics have a greater incidence of and a significant higher level of mortality from cancers of the stomach, liver, uterus, and gallbladder.

In 2000, cancer was the second leading cause of death for Hispanics after heart disease.

In 2000, cancer caused 20% of the deaths among Hispanics-Latinos (American

Cancer Society, 2003). Over time, by respecting the patient's culture and showing personal interest, a health care provider can expect to win a patient's trust. Hispanics tend to emphasize



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